News is information about events and happenings that are perceived to be important by a group or society. The news that is considered most important varies across societies, as do the criteria used to judge whether an event is interesting or significant. These criteria are often referred to as news values and are described in various models of the production of news.
People are often fascinated by a particular type of news and may be interested in stories about celebrities, a particular country or region, war, crime or natural disasters. The importance of a story to an audience will be reflected by the amount of interest generated by it and also the urgency with which it is reported.
In order to be newsworthy a story must be new and unusual. It must also be relevant and of significance to a community, group or nation. The event should be sufficiently major either in terms of the number of people affected, its impact or potential for impact. The article should also be well written and presented in a way that will capture the attention of the reader.
Various factors influence newsworthiness and these are often discussed by journalists when they are selecting what to include in their publications. Some models of news making draw on the work of mass communication scholars and attempt to define what makes an event interesting, significant or noteworthy.
Other models focus on a specific group or society. The ‘Mirror Model’ is an example of this and argues that the news should reflect reality. This is closely linked to the idea that the ‘news that is fit for print’ is that which will have a positive effect on society.
An effective way to write a news story is to start with a short, snappy headline that will attract the attention of readers. This should then be followed by a brief but clear explanation of the story including all of the relevant details that will allow the reader to fully understand what has happened. The writer should not be afraid to use quotes from key individuals involved in the story as this will help to enliven and enrich the piece.
As with any type of writing, the final result is dependent on the skills and abilities of the individual. The more practiced a writer becomes, the more proficient he or she will become at capturing the interest of the reader and delivering the news in an engaging manner. News writing is a fast-moving and constantly changing business. The smallest of changes can have an impact so it is vital that writers keep up with current affairs. This will ensure that they are able to report on these developments quickly and accurately. The best way to do this is to read as much as possible about the subject matter and to seek out different sources of information in order to be able to deliver a wide range of news items to their audience.